Waimea Nurseries

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PLUM DOUBLE - Santa Rosa & Elephant Heart

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Waimea Nurseries grows a range of fruit trees with two or three varieties on the one tree. Some fruit types are grown with both varieties grafted at the bottom of the tree trunk, while others are grown as tiers of branching. The method of propagation is based on the natural habit of the fruit types, to ensure a good shaped tree will result. The tree should be labelled with a small mark of paint to identify which part of the tree each variety is located. This also helps to avoid the potential of accidentally pruning off one of the varieties!

Santa Rosa: The Queen of all plums! Developed by Luther Burbank, it is among the highest flavoured plums in the world. Medium to large purple skinned fruit with yellow tinged pink, juicy, tangy flesh. Japanese variety. Used to make blush wine in Japan. Early to mid season. Self fertile.

Elephant Heart: Very large heart shaped fruit with dark red extremely sweet & juicy flesh. Superb freestone plum. Mid to late season. Japanese variety.

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Mid Late Double Grafted Self Fertile
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

These two varieties have been specifically selected to be grown together so as to allow cross pollination within the same tree.

Golden Queen – Used for small amount of plum varieties. Vigorous rootstock growing to 6 meters.

Myrobalan - Vigorous rootstock growing to 6 meters. Tolerates clay and heavy soil.

Mariana – Is a semi dwarf rootstock that tolerates poorly drained soil.


Accepting of a wide variety of soils, but best with deep, well drained fertile soil.


A sunny and sheltered position is best, protected from Spring frosts. Plant 4-5m apart from other trees.


European plums are suitable in most areas of the country, including the coldest regions. Japanese plums need less Winter chill and need protection from late Spring frosts so can also be grown in warmer, Northern regions. 


Water frequently while young then during long dry periods and when the fruit is developing.


Never prune Plums from March through to July, due to disease risks. Prune during dry periods from Spring to Summer to control vigour and to shape. 


Diseases like Silver leaf and Bacterial blast can affect Plums, but with careful cultural practices they normally need minimal care. 


Varieties range in ripening time from mid Summer to early Autumn.


See pollination chart. Plant at least one pollinating variety to ensure good fruit production.


Height up to 5-6m.


Central leader or Vase shape.

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