Waimea Nurseries

How to Guide

Grow Plums

 

SOIL

Accepting of a wide variety of soils, but best with deep, well drained fertile soil.

PLANTING SITE

Sunny and sheltered position is best, protected from Spring frosts. Plant 4-5m apart from other trees.

WATERING

Water frequently while young then during long dry periods and when the fruit is developing.

CLIMATE

European plums are suitable most areas of the country, including the coldest regions. Japanese plums need less Winter chill and need protection from late Spring frosts so can also be grown in warmer, Northern regions. 

GENERAL CARE

Never prune Plums from March through to July, instead Summer prune to control vigour and shape. 

PESTS & DISEASES

Diseases like Silver leaf and blast can affect Plums, but with careful cultural practices Plums normally need minimal care. 

FRUIT

Varieties range in ripening time from mid Summer to early Autumn.

POLLINATION

See pollination chart. Need to plant at least one pollinating variety to ensure good fruit production.

Tree Size

Height: Up to 6m

 

Please note these are recommendations to our best knowledge, but flowering times vary from region to region and from year to year. Also it is important to remember that in most urban areas there is generally no need to plant pollinators as there will be neighbouring trees that will provide cross pollination. 'Most Plum varieties require cross pollination. Use European varieties to pollinate European varieties and Japanese to pollinate Japanese. The guide below details recommended pollination by variety. These recommendations generally provide the best overlap in flowering time, but other varieties with partial overlap can be sufficient. 

 

PLUM POLLINATION GUIDE

VARIETY

plum type

Pollinator(s)

Billington

Cross

Self fertile

Black Amber

Japanese

Partially self fertile. Santa Rosa, Satsuma.

Black Doris

Cross

Billington, Duff’s Early Jewel, Elephant Heart, Santa Rosa. 

Burbank

Japanese

Partially self fertile. Duff’s Early Jewel, Omega, Sultan.  

Coe’s Golden Drop

European

Damson, Reine Claude de Bavay, Italian, Richard’s Early Italian, Stanley. 

Damson

European

Self fertile

Duff’s Early Jewel

Cross

Self fertile

Elephant Heart

Japanese

Omega, Santa Rosa, Sultan. 

English Greengage

European

Coe’s Golden Drop, Damson, Reine Claude de Bavay, Italian. 

Fortune

Japanese

Santa Rosa

Hawera

Japanese

Self fertile

Omega

Cross

Partially self fertile. Billington, Burbank, Duff’s Early Jewel, Elephant Heart, Santa Rosa, Sultan. 

Purple King

Cross

Billington, Duff’s Early Jewel, Elephant Heart, Omega, Santa Rosa, Sultan, Wilson’s Early. 

Reine Claude de Bavay

European

Self fertile

Santa Rosa

Japanese

Self fertile

Satsuma

Japanese

Partially self fertile. Santa Rosa, Shiro.

Shiro

Japanese

Santa Rosa, Shiro. 

Sultan

Japanese

Partially self fertile. Burbank, Elephan Heart, Omega, Santa Rosa, Satsuma. 

Wilson’s Early

European

Partially self fertile. Billington, Black Doris, Burbank, Duff’s Early Jewell, Omega, Santa Rosa. 

PRUNE     PLUMS

Cacak Fruitful

European

Coe’s Golden Drop, Damson, Reine Claude de Bavay, Stanley. 

Italian

European

Self fertile

Richard’s Early Italian

European

Coe’s Golden Drop, Damson, Reine Claude de Bavay, Stanley. 

Stanley

European

Self fertile