Waimea Nurseries

How to Guide

Grow Olives

 

Olive trees add a slice of the Mediterranean to the garden. Cultivated from time immemorial for their fruit, many varieties of olive also make attractive ornamental trees, great screening and even can be used for informal hedges. 

 

SOIL

Olives prefer well drained, low to medium fertile soil.

PLANTING SITE

Olives grow best in sunny, sheltered sites. 

WATERING

Water well during the early stages, during long dry periods and when the fruit is developing.

CLIMATE

Olive trees will grow well in most areas of New Zealand, as long as the right variety is selected for the climate conditions. 

PESTS & DISEASES

Olives are relatively hardy to pests and diseases. The main problem is ‘peacock spot’ on the leaves, which can often be attributed to poor tree health. 

PLANTING IDEAS

Olive trees are great for a variety of garden uses, including specimen trees, hedges and even espalier training. 

FRUIT

Olives ripen in Autumn.

POLLINATION

Some varieties are self fertile, but as a general rule more than one variety of olive should be planted to ensure good pollination if fruit is desired. 

TREE SIZE

Can reach 10m in height, though this can be contained by pruning or growing in a large container. 

 

 

REGIONAL VARIETY GUIDE

NORTH ISLAND, TOP OF SOUTH ISLAND & WEST COAST

Most varieties

CANTERBURY

Leccino, Frantoio & Sourani

OTAGO & SOUTHLAND

Leccino & Frantoio

 

VARIETY GUIDE BY FRUIT USE

 

OIL

Chemlali, Koroneiki, Picual. 

PICKLING

Kalamata (limited availability)

OIL & PICKLING

Frantoio, Leccino, Manzanilla, Nocellara, Pendolino, Picholine. 

 

Varieties suitable for Ornamental Usage: 

 

For Larger Gardens:   

Frantoio, Leccino, Nocellara, Picual

Compact growing varieties for Smaller Gardens:   

Chemlali, Koroneiki

Salt tolerant varieties for Coastal Gardens:

Koroneiki

Varieties for Informal screening and hedging:

Taller: Picual     Smaller:  Chemlali, Koroneiki

Hardier varieties for Colder areas:

Leccino, Frantoio, Picual, Picholene

For Lining driveways and Avenue planting:

Chemlali, Frantoio, Leccino, Picual